History

Chola, Chera and Pandya, the three important Dynasties those ruled south India for a long time had proved their sovereignty in maritime trade. While Chera’s dominated the ports of west coast, the other two were super powers of the east coast. With a profound study, vestiges of Chola rule can be traced at the south-west coast also. A stone inscription of A.D. 1063, on the eastern wall of Thirunandhikkarai temple in Kanyakumari District, corroborates the renaming Muttom village as Mummudi Cholanellur by Great Raja Raja Cholan -1, to mark his visit to the village.

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Cholachal

Lighting Apparatus

In 1875, an old fixed light apparatus removed from Tuticorin Lighthouse that worked for a period of 29 years from 1845 to 1874 there, was provided for Muttom Point lighting. That apparatus had three wick lamps facing towards sea with country made brass reflectors at their back. The light exhibited from a height of 32.3 meters above the sea level had a range of 22 kilometres in fine weather. The light was commissioned in September 1875. The old fixed light apparatus removed from Tuticorin lighthouse was insufficient to mark this important point.

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Lighting Appararus

Lighthouse Museum

Directorate of Lighthouses and Lightships established a Heritage Lighthouse Maritime Museum at Muttom point on 19th November, 2017. The museum is set to pass valuable information about the history of navigation, trade and evolution of lights and lighthouses. While replicas of Sailing ships, steamers, Naval and Coast guard ships provide information about the vessels in the past, different types of illuminants used in lighthouses from Wick lamps to LED lights will teach about the evolution of lamps. The master attraction of the museum is the 1st order optic.

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Muttom Museum

Gallery

View image gallery of Muttom lighthouse, temples, museum, light apparatus and more.

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Videos

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Book

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Lighthouses in India

Temples of Muttom